Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, can lead to serious oral health issues if left untreated. Deep cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing, is a crucial component of periodontal disease treatment in Coweta OK. This non-surgical procedure aims to remove plaque, tartar, and bacterial toxins from below the gumline and smooth the tooth roots to promote gum healing and prevent disease progression.

Plaque and Tartar Removal

Deep cleaning targets the buildup of plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) that accumulates on the teeth and below the gumline. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and gums, while tartar is plaque that has hardened and cannot be removed through regular brushing and flossing. Deep cleaning effectively removes these deposits to eliminate bacterial infection and inflammation in the gums.

Reduction of Bacterial Load

Bacteria in the mouth play a significant role in the development and progression of periodontal disease. Deep cleaning reduces the bacterial load in the periodontal pockets, which are spaces between the gums and teeth where bacteria thrive. By removing bacteria and their toxins, deep cleaning helps reduce inflammation, prevent further damage to the gums and supporting structures, and promote healing.

Gum Healing and Attachment

Deep cleaning not only removes bacterial deposits but also promotes gum healing and attachment to the tooth roots. Root planing involves smoothing the rough surfaces of the tooth roots to remove bacteria and create a clean surface for the gums to reattach. This process helps eliminate periodontal pockets, reduce the risk of reinfection, and improve the overall health of the gums.

Prevention of Disease Progression

One of the primary goals of deep cleaning is to prevent the progression of periodontal disease. By addressing the underlying cause of gum inflammation and infection, deep cleaning helps halt the advancement of the disease and prevent further damage to the gums, bone, and teeth. Regular deep cleanings may be recommended to maintain gum health and prevent recurrence of periodontal disease.

Improved Oral Health

Deep cleaning plays a vital role in promoting overall oral health and preventing complications associated with periodontal disease. By eliminating bacterial infection and inflammation, deep cleaning helps reduce the risk of tooth loss, bone loss, and systemic health issues linked to untreated gum disease. Improved oral health contributes to better overall well-being and quality of life.

Maintenance of Results

After undergoing deep cleaning, patients are advised to maintain good oral hygiene practices and attend regular dental check-ups and cleanings to prevent the recurrence of periodontal disease. Proper home care, including brushing twice daily, flossing daily, and using an antimicrobial mouthwash, helps prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar and supports the long-term success of deep cleaning in preserving gum health.


Deep cleaning plays a crucial role in periodontal disease treatment by removing plaque, tartar, and bacterial toxins, reducing the bacterial load, promoting gum healing and attachment, preventing disease progression, improving oral health, and maintaining long-term results. If you have signs of gum disease, such as gum inflammation, bleeding gums, or gum recession, consult with a dental professional to determine if deep cleaning is necessary to address your periodontal health needs.

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